Curso gratis de inglés

Monday, March 28

Inglés reported speech

Se usa ‘reported speech’ or ‘indirect speech’ (el estilo indirecto) para decir lo que alguien ha dicho. El verbo en ‘reported speech’ casi siempre cambia a un tiempo atrás:

1. Present simple – Past simple
Ejemplo:
I live here.
En reported speech - She said that she lived there

2. Present continuous – Past continuous
Ejemplo:

He is driving a car.
En reported speech - She said that he was driving a car.

3. Present perfect – past perfect
Ejemplo:

They have gone to the beach.
En reported speech - He said that they had gone to the beach.

4. Present perfect continuous – past perfect continuous
Ejemplo:
I have been living here for 3 years.
En reported speech - She said that she had been living there for 3 years.

5. Past simple – past perfect.
Ejemplo:

He went to the cinema yesterday.
En reported speech - She said that he had gone to the cinema yesterday.

6. Past perfect – past perfect NO CHANGE
Ejemplo:
He had finished by 10pm
En reported speech - She said that he had finished by 10pm.

7. Past perfect continuous - Past perfect continuous NO CHANGE Ejemplo:
I had been listening to music.
She said that she had been listening to music.

Los verbos modales en ‘reported speech’

Will se cambia a would
Ejemplo:
I will go to the bank.
En reported speech – He said that he would go to the bank

Can se cambia a could
Ejemplo:
I can play the piano.
He said that he could play the piano.

Must se cambia a had to
Ejemplo:
I must go to the supermarket.
She said that she had to go to the supermarket.

May se cambia a might
Ejemplo:
I may do that.
She said that she might do that.

Estos verbos modales no cambian: Would, could, should, might, ought to

¡Ojo! Si estas hablando de algo que no ha cambiado no hace falta cambiar el tiempo verbal.
Ejemplos:
I am Spanish. He said that he is Spanish
I am very happy. She said that she is very happy.

Se puede usar say o tell en reported speech.

Con say se dice: I said that, she said that, he said that etc

Con tell SIEMPRE tiene que llevar pronombre:
I told him that
She told me that
He told her that
They told us that

Ejercicio: Pon estas frases en ‘reported speech’ y después haga clic para ver las respuestas de Inglés Reported Speech.
1. I live in London.
2. He was listening to music.
3. We will go to the swimming pool tomorrow.
4. They went to school yesterday.
5. I would like to visit France.
6. I can play the guitar very well.

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