1. Reported questions.
- What's your name?- She asked me what my name was.
- Where do they live? - She asked me where they lived.
- Are you Spanish? - She asked me if I was Spanish.
Las preguntas en reported questions siguen las mismas reglas que otras frases de reported speech. Es decir, el tiempo del verbo suele cambiar de la siguiente manera:
present simple - past simple
present continuous - past continuous
past simple - past perfect
present perfect - past perfect
past continuous - past perfect continuous
past perfect = past perfect
may - might
can - could
will - would
shall - should
would, could, should, ought to = would, could, should, ought to
must - had to (ó must)
2. Indirect questions.
Las indirect questions (preguntas indirectas) son aquellas estructuras que utilizamos en inglés para preguntar algo de manera más educada y menos directa. El orden de las palabras es como si fuese una frase normal (afirmativa). Por tanto, NO se utiliza verbo auxiliar.
- What time is it? - Can you tell me what the time is?
- Where is the bank? Do you know where the bank is?
- Is the bank open on Saturdays? Can you tell me if the bank is open on Saturdays?
Preguntas con question words (what, who, when...).
- What is your name? - He asked me what my name was.
- How many brothers have you got? - She asked me how many brothers I had.
- When is he coming home? - They asked me when he was coming home.
- What time is the party? - They asked what time the party was.
Estas son preguntas que tienen como respuesta sí ó no.
Se utiliza ask + if ó whether si son yes/no questions. Los tiempos funcionan igual que en reported questions (ver arriba)
- "Do you speak Spanish?" - She asked me if I spoke Spanish
- "Are you happy or sad?" - He asked me whether I was happy or sad
- "Is he ready?" - They asked if he was ready.
- "Are they Spanish or English?" - She asked whether they were Spanish or English